Aims and Scope

The Open Biomarkers Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes research articles, reviews/mini-reviews, letters and guest edited single topic issues on biomarkers in clinical, medical and pharmaceutical research. The coverage includes biomarkers of disease, new biomarkers, exposure to drugs, genetic effects and applications of biomarkers.


The Open Biomarkers Journal, a peer reviewed journal, is an important and reliable source of current information on the developments in the field. The emphasis will be on publishing quality articles rapidly and freely available to the researchers worldwide.


Recent Articles

Prognostic Genomic Predictive Biomarkers for Early-Stage Lung Cancer Patients

Hojin Moon, Alex Nguyen, Evan Lee

Aims:

Our goal is to find predictive genomic biomarkers in order to identify subgroups of early-stage lung cancer patients that are most likely to benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy with surgery (ACT).

Background:

Receiving ACT appears to have a better prognosis for more severe early-stage non-small cell lung cancer patients than surgical resection only. However, not all patients benefit from chemotherapy.

Objective:

Preliminary studies suggest that the application of ACT is associated with a better prognosis for more severe NSCLC patients compared to those who only underwent surgical resection. Given the immense personal and financial costs associated with ACT, finding the patients who are most likely to benefit from ACT is paramount. Thus, the purpose of this research is to utilize gene expression and clinical data from lung cancer patients to find treatment-associated genomic biomarkers.

Methods:

To investigate the treatment effect, a modified-covariate regularized Cox regression model with lasso penalty is implemented using National Cancer Institute gene expression data to find genomic biomarkers.

Results:

This research utilized an independent validation dataset involving 318 lung cancer patients to validate the models. In the validation set with 318 patients, the modified covariate Cox model with lasso penalty were able to show patients who followed their predicted recommendation (either ACT for low-risk group or OBS for the high-risk group, n = 171) have higher survival benefits than 147 patients who did not follow the recommendations (p < .0001).

Conclusion:

Based on validation data, patients who follow our predicted recommendation by genomic biomarkers selected from the proposed model will likely benefit from ACT.


September 17, 2021
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Editor's Choice

The Hidden Danger of Environmental Chemicals during the “Windows of Susceptibility” in a Woman’s Life – How can we use Intermediate Biomarkers to Improve Breast Cancer Prevention?

Katarzyna Rygiel

Introduction:

It has been observed that many toxic environmental agents increase risk, accelerate development, or deteriorate the course of breast cancer (BC). In particular, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC) are harmful to endocrine receptor actions and signaling in the breast tissue.

Usually, there is a long interval of time between the exposure to EDC and BC incidence, and this often represents a serious obstacle for effective BC prophylaxis. Notably, during certain periods of a woman’s life cycle, the BC risk is particularly elevated due to increased susceptibility to some EDC. These windows of susceptibility (WOS) include prenatal, puberty, pregnancy, and menopausal transition stages of a female’s life course.

Four WOS have been considered as the most vulnerable periods for BC since the mammary gland undergoes the main anatomical and physiological transformations at those intervals. This means that during specific WOS, the EDC from the environment can have the most dangerous impact on BC risk and possible BC development later in a woman’s life. However, most clinical BC studies related to toxic environmental exposures have not been connected to the specific WOS.

Therefore, the goal of this article is to briefly describe some important research results, focused on the links between EDC and BC, within four critical WOS. In addition, this mini-review outlines some useful biomarkers for further research and prophylaxis of BC and also for both the research community and the medical professionals.

Conclusion:

To bridge the gap in BC prevention, it is essential to recognize the links between EDC and BC within the critical WOS. Moreover, an integrative model of BC research, applying intermediate biomarkers, is necessary to determine the mechanisms of action of various EDC during critical periods in a woman’s lifespan. Hopefully, this will lead to progress in BC prevention.


June 10, 2021
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