RESEARCH ARTICLE


Status of Ischemia Modified Albumin in Athletes Before and After Moderate Exercise



Kiran Dahiya1, *, Rajesh Kumar1, Rakesh Dhankhar2, Monica Verma1, Asha Kumari1, Prasanta Saha Roy1, Deepika Dalal1, Veena Singh Ghalaut1, Kiran Chugh1
1 Department of Biochemistry, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Haryana, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Haryana, India


© 2018 Kiran Dahiya.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Biochemistry, Pt. BD Sharma University of Health Sciences, Haryana, India; Tel: 9896111985; E-mail: kirandahiya_2002@yahoo.com


Abstract

Background:

Ischemia Modified Albumin (IMA) is considered as an early marker of ischemia. Its levels may be altered in any clinical condition where an ischemic event is involved. Skeletal muscle ischemia is associated with severe exercise but may also occur in moderate form of exercise.

Objective:

The levels of IMA were estimated before and after thirty minutes of moderate exercise in students undergoing athletic training.

Methods:

The present study was conducted on 120 young adult students undergoing athletic training program in the physical education department. All the subjects were healthy with normal body mass index and blood pressure. Their serum samples were collected before and after running for half an hour on the racing track and were analyzed for IMA colorimetrically and the data was subjected to appropriate statistical analysis.

Results:

The levels of IMA were found to be statistically significantly higher after exercise as compared to those before exercise (p = 0.005). The ratio of IMA to albumin (IMAR) was also found to be significantly higher after exercise as compared to that before exercise (p=0.000).

Conclusion:

It may be concluded that the skeletal muscle ischemia induced by moderate aerobic exercise is associated with an increased conversion of albumin to IMA.

Keywords: Ischemia modified albumin, Skeletal muscle ischemia, Moderate exercise, Athletes, IMAR, Aerobic.